Generalised popularity-similarity optimisation model for growing hyperbolic networks beyond two dimensions

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Author Bianka Kovács, Sámuel G. Balogh, Gergely Palla
Title of Journal, Proc. or Book Scientific Reports
DOI 10.1038/s41598-021-04379-1
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Hyperbolic network models have gained considerable attention in recent years, mainly due to their capability of explaining many peculiar features of real-world networks. One of the most widely known models of this type is the popularity-similarity optimisation (PSO) model, working in the native disk representation of the two-dimensional hyperbolic space and generating networks with small-world property, scale-free degree distribution, high clustering and strong community structure at the same time. With the motivation of better understanding hyperbolic random graphs, we hereby introduce the dPSO model, a generalisation of the PSO model to any arbitrary integer dimension d > 2. The analysis of the obtained networks shows that their major structural properties can be affected by the dimension of the underlying hyperbolic space in a non-trivial way. Our extended framework is not only interesting from a theoretical point of view but can also serve as a starting point for the generalisation of already existing two-dimensional hyperbolic embedding techniques.

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